Italian Connection

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Sunday, June 05, 2011

This week's Choral Mix features composers from Spain, Italy and France who all share a common musical training at the Collegio Germanico in Rome. Kent Tritle presents works by Carissimi, Charpentier and Victoria, drawing the distinct connections between these masters.

The Collegio Gemanico opened its doors in 1552, establishing itself as a German-speaking seminary for Roman Catholic priest. Though it was founded as a means of educating in theology and philosophy, special attention was also given to music. Tomás Luis de Victoria left Spain in 1565 to study singing in Rome and later became choir master of the Collegio.

In Rome he was influenced by Palestrina, the master of Renaissance polyphony, whose style is prominent in Victoria's writing. Giacomo Carismi went to the Collegio Germanico in 1628 and began working as chapel-master and is recognized as being the father of the oratorio. While in Rome, Carisimi became the teacher of French composer Marc-Antoine Charpentier, who would later take his Roman education back to France and popularize the oratorio.

We hear performances of Carisimi's Jephte and Charpentier's Le Reniement de Saint Pierre (The Denial of Saint Peter), in which strong similarities between Carisimi and his protégé are heard. Victoria's Salve Regina and Palestrina's most famous Sicut cervus are also featured, showcasing their niche for overlapping vocal lines, a writing style that Palestrina laid a solid foundation for composers like Victoria to build upon. 


Monteverdi Choir & His Majesties Sagbutts & Cornetts
John Eliot Gardiner

Le Reniement de Saint Pierre
Les Arts Florissants
William Christie

Sicut cervus
Choir of St. Ignatius Loyola
Kent Tritle

O Vos Omnes

Choir of St. Ignatius Loyola
Kent Tritle

Salve Regina

The Sixteen
Harry Christophers

Comments [2]

Michael Meltzer

It's worth noting that the Collegio Germanico was founded by St. Ignatius Loyola.
Again, beautiful and moving readings with my special thanks for any Victoria. I hope that the Victoria Requiem is in the offing, there would be no opjection to the "O Magnum Mysterium," even at the wrong time of year.

Jun. 06 2011 09:44 PM
Grace Loewe from NYC

I enjoy hearing choral music and appreciate the time WQXR has allotted for this on Sunday morning. Mr Tritle is well versed and quite talented. I was a bit confused this morning when he introduced a cello soloist as a women in her forties with wonderful red hair. I thought objectifying women artisits had gone with the wind at least with WQXR's most sophisticated world class audience. Perhaps Mr T should be introduced as a man in his forties with receeding dark hair? Just sayin' =)

Jun. 05 2011 02:23 PM

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