Gloria Through The Ages

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For centuries, composers have been inspired by the Biblical text, "Glory to God in the highest." In this week’s episode, Kent Tritle serves as your guide through 700 years of Gloria settings. Among the exhilarating works heard this week are Bach's Mass in B Minor and Beethoven's Missa Solemnis

"Glory in excelsis Deo" is considered one of the most uplifting sacred texts, and Bach's Gloria from the Mass in B Minor could not be more fitting. Trumpets, timpani, full chorus and orchestra are all forefront in the movement, embellishing the text with musical fireworks. Following in Bach's footsteps, Beethoven and Haydn composed their Gloria settings in the same bright and joyous key of D major. Additionally, both composers employ brilliant trumpet fanfares with riveting choral and orchestral writing, bringing to life this sacred text of praise.
 
Fast forwarding to the 21st century, we hear Gloria settings by composers Arvo Pärt and Nico Muhly. While the style of writing and orchestration differs from those of the classical era, they posses the same exuberant, colorful qualities embodied in the preceding works.
 
With 700 years of music represented this week, there are many other stops on our journey. Beginning in the Renaissance with Machaut and Victoria, we also visit the 19th and 20th centuries with Dvorak's Mass in D, and Poulenc's Mass in G.

Playlist (in alphabetical order by composer):

Bach
Mass in B minor, Gloria
Netherlands Chamber Choir Orchestra of the 18th Century
Frans Brűggen
Live Recording Utrecht

Beethoven
Missa Solemnis, Gloria
La Chapelle Royale
Collegium
Orchestre des Champs Elysees
Phillipe Herreweghe
Paris

Dvorak
Mass in D, Gloria
Christ Church, Oxford
Simon Preston
Oxford

Haydn
Lord Nelson Mass, Gloria
Trinity Choir and Rebel Orchestra
Owen Burdick
Ann Hoyt, Soprano

Machaut
Messe De Notre Dame, Gloria
The Hilliard Ensemble
Paul Hillier
London

Muhly
Gloria Mass of Bright Canons
St. Thomas Choir NYC
John Scott
NYC

Pärt
Gloria Berliner Mass
Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir
Tallinn Chamber Orchestra
Tonu Kaljuste
Finland

Poulenc
Mass in G, Gloria
Westminster Cathedral Choir
James O’Donnell
London

Victoria
Gloria O Quam Glorioso
Westminster Cathedral Choir
David Hill
London