Brian Wise covers the classical music business for WQXR, including aspects of performance, technology, philanthropy and institutional trends. He produces the Café Concerts series and the podcast/show Conducting Business. He manages the station's homepage and makes sure what you hear on air is what you see online. Follow him on Twitter at @Briancwise.
Top Five Athletic Composers
Tuesday, February 04, 2014
It’s not just the Seattle Seahawks or the skiers at the Sochi Olympics who like to win. Many classical composers were athletes, too, and each weekday at 9 am and 1 pm this week we're featuring one of our top five athletic composers.
Despite being a shy, retiring man, Britten was a competitive, all-round sportsman who enjoyed cricket, swimming, soccer and croquet. He was particularly fond of a round of tennis. "When you were beaten by him at squash or tennis," said one competitor, "you literally felt that he’d been 'beating' you."
In keeping with his omnivorous personality, Bernstein enjoyed a number of participatory sports. His brother, Burton Bernstein, recalled "his love of games, and particularly, his infuriating success in trouncing us at anagrams – the game of games, at least to him. And then there were tennis and squash and skiing and swimming and sailing and touch football – the last featuring the annual Thanksgiving classic, called the Nose Bowl [note spelling correction: not "Nose Ball"], in the backyard of his house in Fairfield, Connecticut." Bernstein also enjoyed skiing and had a small rivalry with Herbert von Karajan (pictured, left) when it came to the slopes. Bernstein's "Pass the Football" from Wonderful Town portrays a gridiron hero whose academic credentials are less than stellar.
Charles Ives often projected a rugged, masculine image when it came to music, disparaging "sissies who couldn't stand up and take their dissonances like a man." That seemed to carry over to his non-musical pursuits too. As a college student, Ives captained baseball and football teams, played a lot of tennis and shone in athletics. His works included Baseball Take-Off, for solo piano and Yale-Princeton Football Game, for orchestra. Ives once spoke of playing the organ as being "as much fun as playing baseball.”
Wagner may not seem like a particularly fun-loving character, but he did find time to indulge his love of the outdoors. It was during a hiking holiday in the mountains of Bohemia that Wagner began to write the libretto for Tannhauser. Later, while living in Zurich, he took numerous expeditions into the Alps, through peaks, passes and valleys. Wagner was said to be fond of doing somersaults and headstands, and wrote in his autobiography about his ability to do gymnastics feats. This occasionally spilled over into his work: Wagner’s stage directions included much swimming, diving and aquatic gymnastics, particularly for the Rhinemaidens in the Ring Cycle.
George Gershwin and Arnold Schoenberg seem like an unlikely pair, but once a week, the two composers met on the tennis court at the former's Beverly Hills home. According to one observer, Gershwin was "nonchalant" and "chivalrous," always "playing to an audience." Schoenberg, on the other hand, was "overly eager" and "choppy" and had "learned to shut his mind against public opinion." We're talking strictly about tennis, of course.
Watch Gershwin on the court at :42 into this video:
Debussy enjoyed an occasional game of tennis with Ravel and his ballet Jeux is based on tennis... Schoenberg played tennis (see above) and even channeled his enthusiasm for the sport into a new system of music notation, based on a transcription of the events in a match...Mozart was a pool shark at billiards table... and Prokofiev played tennis and volleyball, but apparently not so well.