Leonard Bernstein: Operettas in English

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Saturday, November 21, 2015

Leonard Bernstein pauses as he faces members of the New York Philharmonic on the Great Lawn in Central Park Leonard Bernstein pauses as he faces members of the New York Philharmonic on the Great Lawn in Central Park (C.J. Zumwalt/NY Daily News Archive via Getty Images)

Leonard Bernstein's "Candide" is an operetta. An operetta is like an opera, with one big difference. In opera, everything is sung, but in operetta, there are spoken lines between the singing. Composers who wrote operettas in English include Sir Arthur Sullivan (who can't be separated from William S. Gilbert, who wrote the words for Gilbert and Sullivan operettas), Victor Herbert, Sigmund Romberg, and Rudolf Friml.

Music heard in this episode:

Offenbach: Orpheus in the Underworld: Can-Can
Sullivan: Pirates of Penzance: With Cat Like Tread
Sullivan: Mikado: Duet (Katisha and Ko-Ko)
Sullivan: Pirates of Penzance: I am the Very Model of a Modern Major General
Herbert: Babes in Toyland: March
Romberg: The Student Prince: Drink! Drink! Drink!
Friml: Rose Marie: Indian Love Call
DeKoven: Oh, Promise Me
Sousa: The Irish Dragoon: Circus Galop
Bernstein: Candide: Overture

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