Top 10 Most Miserable Opera Characters

Because Opera Fans Love a Character Who Suffers

Thursday, May 24, 2012 - 05:28 PM

Last week, as I found out that Anthony Bourdain’s latest destination for his Travel Channel TV show No Reservations would be Finland, I felt a twisted sense of glee: Nothing says good television like sending a salty New Yorker to Scandinavia in the middle of winter. In fact, the formula was a success for Bourdain in the first season of No Reservations when he visited Iceland in January and was caught in a freak snowstorm.

For whatever manifold reasons, we like to see people suffer. Bourdain is even a greater example of that when one considers that his rise to fame came primarily through a tell-all memoir that revealed the seedy underbelly of New York’s restaurant scene, as well as his past troubles with drug addiction.

But that we love our heroes to be fallen and miserable is no great trend in entertainment. In fact, it’s part of opera’s intrinsic DNA when you look to its roots in Greek tragedy—conflict makes for good drama, and you can’t have strong conflicts without some characters getting the short end of the stick. With that in mind, we take a moment to count down our top ten saddest sacks in the canon. Read on for our picks and tell us in the comments below: Who are your favorite miserable opera characters?

10. Don Pizarro (Fidelio)

Talk about a conflict of interests: When the nobleman Florestan attempts to expose Pizarro, the governor of the prison, as a criminal and a rogue, the latter uses his position to have Florestan arrested. Fortunately, his attempts to murder both Florestan and his wife are foiled, providing a rare happy outcome on this list. Still, there’s no redemption or reconciliation for Beethoven’s corrupt and crooked nobleman. And what makes him truly hopeless is that he has no real motivation to be an evil man. It may not leave him anguished in the emotional sense, but there’s really nothing sadder than a villain without purpose. 

9. Turandot (Turandot)

Late in Puccini's opera we learn that Turandot has a backstory that has made her who she is. But the first introduction we have to the ice princess is that of a slew of would-be suitors beheaded and impaled on pikestaffs, all because they couldn’t answer three riddles. And then when a prince is able to answer those riddles, she’d rather see him die than marry him. Yes, Turandot, life is tragic and it's awful about your ancestor, but killing as many men as possible is not the way to resolve those deep-seated issues you have with the opposite sex. Listen to Adele’s “Someone Like You,” write some bad poetry and pop a Xanax.

8. Filippo II (Don Carlo)

I considered Boris Godunov in this slot, but "Ella giammai m’amo" sets Verdi’s Spanish monarch over the edge. Simply put, there is no aria more miserable than the lament of Filippo II, the 16th-century king of Spain whose young wife—initially promised to, and still infatuated with, his son—never loved him. He can’t muster up enough pathos in this aria to suffuse the title line with anything but cold, hard, sad fact. And from there it’s an Ethan-Frome–style sled ride into a sinister, sleepless, realization that his marriage, his reign and possibly his life is little more than a sham.

7. Elektra (Elektra)

Leave it to the Greeks and Richard Strauss to give us good, juicy tragedy. And while things at least end happily for Ariadne, Elektra is one of those poor souls from Trojan times who just can’t catch a break. She’s stuck with a disagreeable family situation when her mother murders her father, is tortured by her servants, abandoned by her sister and even when she discovers that her brother is not dead, as previously believed, still feels shame and remorse. Just when things start to look up, she dies.

6. Cassandre (Les Troyens)

Cassandre reminds me of another television character endemic to my generation, that of MTV’s Daria Morgendoerffer. A misfit teen in suburban America, Daria’s personality is summed up in a season one episode when her friend says: “When they say, ‘You’re always unhappy, Daria,’ what they mean is, ‘You think Daria. I can tell because you don’t smile.’” So if ignorance is bliss, then Cassandre is rightfully one of the most afflicted, tortured, woebegone characters you’re likely to come across in opera. In the opening scene of Les Troyens, the prophetess and daughter of doomed ruler King Priam can’t celebrate with her fellow Trojans because she alone sees that her impending marriage won't come to be and that Troy is likely to fall. Spoiler alert: It does.

5. Hamlet (Hamlet) and Macbeth (Macbeth)

It’s hard to separate Shakespeare’s moody Dane and moody thane, so let’s look at the operatic incarnations of these two downers in tandem: Hamlet’s plight is more righteous (avenging his murdered father) than Macbeth’s (he himself is a murderer), but grappling with the guilt of killing someone with your own hand isn’t exactly a walk in the park either. They have similar separate-yet-equal relationships to their love interests: Hamlet spurns Ophelia for his quest, while Macbeth becomes subservient to his wife as he sinks deeper into moral and monarchial decrepitude. It seems, whether high or low, all roads lead to woe.

4. Herman (Pique Dame)

Read enough Russian literature and you get the sense that this is a culture in love with its own suffering. But Herman in Tchaikovsky’s card-counting drama is elevated even beyond his gloomy bearings in Pushkin’s source story about a man obsessed with winning at cards and love. Whereas Pushkin’s Herman merely manipulates a young woman to get her grandmother’s gambling secrets without any hope at marriage, in Tchaikovsky’s world he is also genuinely, jealously infatuated, causing the object of his affections to ditch her good-guy fiance while also inadvertently killing her grandmother in the process. His melancholia soon diverges into a madness that leaves three bodies in its wake.

3. Werther (Werther)

There is something intoxicating about loving a tortured, Romantic (with a capital-R) soul—hence the popularity of the Twilight series. But Werther is one of those characters that, after repeated exposure, gives you the urge to smack him across the face and tell him to man up. Don’t get me wrong, I love “Lorsque L'Enfant Revient D'Un Voyage” and “Pourquoi Me Réveiller, Ô Souffle Du Printemps?” as much as the next girl, but Werther strikes you as so classically pathetic a character that, even if he were to win over the unattainable, married woman he loves, he would still find a reason to be dissatisfied. Which brings us to…

2. Don José (Carmen)

Don José, the naive soldier in Bizet's opera, is a character who does get the girl — heck, he even has to be convinced to get the girl — but isn’t satisfied. True, the relationship, predicated as it was on a lot of tit but no tat, is doomed to fail from the get-go. But José’s woes go past general whining into darker territory when you consider that, in Mérimée’s source text, José is a convicted murderer long before he meets Carmen. The poor guy just can’t seem to catch a break: His misery leads to rash action, and his rash actions in turn lead to more misery.

1. Rigoletto (Rigoletto)

Rigoletto, the jester of the licentious Duke of Mantua, is one of those characters whose backstory is a mystery, yet he wears the scars of it on his sleeve. At some point in his life, he must have been happy enough to father a child, but otherwise he faces a demeaning job, a physical deformity and an overall bitterness that isn’t even tempered—in fact, it seems even more heightened—by his darling daughter Gilda. Naturally, his obsession with protecting her in turn leads to her undoing, and, presumably, his own.


More in:

Comments [13]

Miguel Kercado from Columbus

Siegmund from "Die Walküre." Need I say more?

Mar. 14 2017 12:50 PM
R. S. from Florida

I can't believe you didn't list Azucena. Count di Luna gets it pretty bad , too.

Sep. 11 2012 07:01 PM
Elizabeth from East Orange, NJ

I'm with Evan - Magda in "The Consul," although I'd put Werther right behind her. It's my favorite opera, and I really feel for the character, but I frequently feel like he WANTS to be miserable. "classically pathetic," as Olivia put it. Which is why I can't really get my mind around the baritone version. Baritones can definitely be miserable, but not pathetic.

Jun. 26 2012 01:21 PM
Ursus Bear

Peter Grimes (Peter Grimes)
Dido (Les Troyens)
Pierre (War and Peace)

Jun. 12 2012 06:49 PM
Iris Axelrod from Israel

Every one put here a lot of characters, who are rightfully deserve to go to the panteone of the most miserable characters. I would like to add to the list other characters: first violeta valery from La traviata: she works as a prostitute, becuase she had to. She doesn't like it ofcurse. when she sudenly find love, she must give it up. and she also suffering with tuberculusis wich has no cure for ir. second: La Gioconda. She fall in love with someone who doesn't love her, need to commit her mother outh to protact her rival!!!! and having sexualy harrasted by the dispeacble Barnaba. third: Dido: She miserable becouse she is in love. and then her lover must go and she deis (WHAT A BEATIFULL DEATH ARIA JUST TO DIE FOR) Her emenies the whiches knew were to push. and what about Posa, and what about Madam de Tourel from dengerues laison,Ophelie from hamlet, macduf from macbeth who lost all his family and so on and on. My conclusion from this is: We need a hole blog to count the most miserable character. one article is definetly not enough.

Jun. 02 2012 03:50 AM
Bianca Palma from Nürnberg, Germany

Liu is for sure more miserable than Turandot. And Amneris in Aida certainly doesn't have much fun. Than Manon in that desert version. Everybody in 'La forza del destino' e obviously il Conte di Luna in the end. I always felt kind of sorry for Spoletta.
An the whole character of Margarete with this 'pentimento' in the final act is totally misery and I usally leave the theater earlier. Pah, their are so many others. At this point I ask myself who is ever really happy in opera? Probably the tenors, as they usually win over the baritons, in love affairs... if only, on stage.

Jun. 02 2012 02:53 AM
Brent from Dallas

Toby in Menotti's Medium is quite tormented and oft overlooked as a small role, but can be one of the most pathetic roles in the repertoire. Also have to vote for Suor Angelica. She always has the torment of not knowing the fate of her child.

Jun. 01 2012 05:58 PM
L. Amber


Jun. 01 2012 05:28 PM
Evan Solomon from New York

My vote goes to Magda Sorel in Menotti's "The Consul"

May. 28 2012 01:05 AM
Molly from Washington DC

No Cio-Cio-San? She falls in love with a man who fathers her child, but he just uses and loses her AND takes the kid! Horrible.

May. 25 2012 03:55 PM
Jon Haddorff from New York

What happened to Scarpia? At least he gets his just desserts.

May. 25 2012 12:49 PM
David from Flushing

My vote would go to Kundry. Of course, she has the pleasure of appearing in Salome as Herodias, perhaps her original incarnation.

May. 25 2012 11:28 AM
Les Bernstein from Miami, Florida

My choice would be Amfortas. He's informed with suffering until the time of Parsifal's spear's touch. Mother Marie's agonizing death in the Dialogues of the Carmelites is surely miserable as well as undeserved.

May. 25 2012 09:29 AM

Leave a Comment

Email addresses are required but never displayed.

The WQXR e-newsletter. Show highlights, links to music news, on-demand concerts, events from The Greene Space and more.

Follow WQXR 







About Operavore


Operavore is WQXR's digital 24/7 audio stream and devoted to Opera. The Operavore blog features breaking news, expert commentary and reviews by writers Fred Plotkin, David Patrick Stearns, Amanda Angel and others. The music stream features a continuous, carefully programmed mix of classic and contemporary opera recordings.

Follow Operavore