Who Should Receive the Kennedy Center Honors?

Friday, August 31, 2012 - 12:00 PM

2011 Kennedy Center honorees were actress Meryl Streep, singer Neil Diamond, actress Barbara Cook, musician Yo-Yo Ma, and musician Sonny Rollins. 2011 Kennedy Center honorees were actress Meryl Streep, singer Neil Diamond, actress Barbara Cook, musician Yo-Yo Ma, and musician Sonny Rollins. (Photo by Ron Sachs-Pool/Getty)

In a few days, if customary schedules are upheld, we will learn the names of the recipients of the 2012 Kennedy Center Honors that recognize individuals who have made enduring and meaningful contributions to the cultural life of the nation. Typically this recognition goes to five individuals, although there have been certain pairings (Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee; the Nicholas Brothers; Alan Jay Lerner and Frederick Loewe) in which it would be inconceivable to recognize one artist without the other.

Here is a list of past honorees dating back to 1978, the first year the awards were given. In general, I think the standard is very high and almost every recipient was richly deserving of recognition. I see no reason to single out the few who I don’t think quite merited the honor. You will surely come to your own conclusions. In a moment I will address specifically the honorees from opera and classical music, but first I wish to mention the names of artists who, I think, should have been honored and were not.

Actors: Ingrid Bergman (died 1982), Ethel Merman (1984), Orson Welles (1985), Colleen Dewhurst (1991), Audrey Hepburn (1993), Burt Lancaster (1994), Irene Worth (2002), Marlon Brando (2004) and Anne Bancroft (2005). Olivia deHavilland (1916-) and Joan Fontaine (1917-) are still alive, but I suspect they will not be honored.

Musicians: Vladimir Horowitz (died 1989) and Miles Davis (1991).

Composers: Samuel Barber (1981) and Harold Arlen (1986).

Librettists: Yip Harburg (1981) and Ira Gershwin (1983); Gospel singer Albertina Walker (2010); Dancer Rudolf Nureyev (1993).

Certainly there must have been reasons why these legendary artists were not honored. Maybe some very few (Horowitz? Brando?) made it known they did not want to receive the award. Even under the fairest conditions, which I am sure the Kennedy Center judges adhere to, there is private preference for favorites as well as the desire to choose a group that is balanced in terms of art form, gender, race and background. So, while it would be easy to name five of the actors above and leave it at that, there probably are no more than two slots for actors in any given year. 

There is also the sensitive actuarial issue. The judges want honorees who will sit radiantly in boxes at the Kennedy Center for the awards ceremony in early December. What if they cannot attend? Ingrid Bergman had cancer for eight years before she died, but continued to do superb work. Who knew when she would die? A judge might think that a person with a long-time illness might not be able to attend the ceremony. There were certain artists who were known to be ill, such as Alvin Ailey (honored 1988, died 1989), and I am glad they were recognized. There have also been artists who seem hale and hearty, whom judges might tip for future recognition, who died suddenly and perhaps prematurely.

Operatic and Classical Honorees

To me, the most conspicuous oversight among opera singers was Shirley Verrett (1931-2010). As I mentioned in a previous article, she had it all and I think the depth of her artistry has become more evident since her passing. Had Maria Callas not died in 1977, she would have been honored too.

The opera singers who were recognized were Marian Anderson (in 1978); Leontyne Price (1980); Beverly Sills (1985); Risë Stevens (1990); Marilyn Horne (1995); Jessye Norman (1997); Plácido Domingo (2000); Luciano Pavarotti (2001); Joan Sutherland (2004, right); Grace Bumbry (2009)

Classical musicians: Arthur Rubenstein (1978); Rudolf Serkin (1981); Eugene Ormandy (1982); Isaac Stern (1984); Yehudi Menuhin (1986); Nathan Milstein (1987); Alexander Schneider (1988); Robert Shaw (1991); Mstislav Rostropovich (1992); Georg Solti (1993); Victor Borge (1999); Van Cliburn (2001); James Levine (2002); Itzhak Perlman (2003); Zubin Mehta (2006); Leon Fleisher (2007); Yo-Yo Ma (2011)

Composers (some of whom were also performing musicians): Aaron Copland (1979); Leonard Bernstein (1980); Virgil Thomson (1983); Gian Carlo Menotti (1984); William Schuman (1989); Morton Gould (1994); André Previn (1998)

Looking at the list of opera recipients raises a delicate question. Jessye Norman certainly was a deserving honoree but I believe that awarding it to her at the age of 52, when she still was in an active career, was premature. Compare this with Plácido Domingo (age 59), Marilyn Horne (61), Leontyne Price (63), Beverly Sills (66), Luciano Pavarotti (66), Grace Bumbry (72), Risë Stevens (77) and Joan Sutherland (78). Marian Anderson received, and richly deserved, the Kennedy Center honor in its first year, when she was 81. Verrett might have been honored prior to Norman, who will soon be 67 and would be most suitable now.

The fact that Norman received the award before Domingo, Pavarotti and, especially, Sutherland, might be considered questionable. In raising these points, I do not mean in any way to detract from Norman’s artistry and achievements. However, I think that, in assessing who should receive the honor, seniority should be a factor. It is not simply because an older artist is more likely to die without recognition but because younger artists are still actively engaged in work.

Who Merits Recognition?

In thinking across the art forms as to who deserves a Kennedy Center honor, and using the arbitrary dividing line that they should have been born before 1950, I have come up with four opera singers and many more names of creative people who have enriched our lives and often blazed new paths.

Regina Resnik (born 1922) had a long and varied singing career, first as a soprano and then as a mezzo, memorably playing a multitude of roles in drama and comedy for more than four decades. She was a stalwart at the Met and the great houses of Germany and Italy. She became a filmmaker, stage director, actress and is an excellent teacher.

Renata Scotto (1934) was the reigning diva at the Met in the Italian repertory for more than a decade and starred in almost all of the early telecasts and videos the company created. Her singing and acting were thrilling. She then became a superb director of opera productions and is an outstanding teacher.

Martina Arroyo (1937) excelled in the Verdi and Puccini repertoire and sang numerous opening nights at the Met. She personified a very American optimism and inspired millions to love opera for the first time through appearances on non-opera television programs. Her foundation supports a training program for young singers to learn the essential theatrical components of opera.

Samuel Ramey (1942), the virtuosic and show-stopping bass, revived and introduced so many important roles from Baroque through contemporary opera. He conquered the great theaters of Europe and made them acknowledge, finally, that an American opera singer could be everything and more than his colleagues from the old continent.

In other art forms, here is a list of persons who merit recognition:

Conductors: Lorin Maazel (1930), Michael Tilson Thomas (1944)

Composers: Elliott Carter (1908), Carlisle Floyd (1926), Philip Glass (1937), John Adams (1947).

Classical musicians: Ravi Shankar (1920), André Watts (1946)

Non-Classical musicians: Buddy Guy (1936); gospel singers Shirley Caesar (1938) and Mavis Staples (1939); Judy Collins (1939), Joan Baez (1941), Gladys Knight (1944), Emmy Lou Harris (1947). Mick Jagger (1943) and Keith Richards (1943) should be joint winners, as were Pete Townshend and Roger Daltrey of The Who in 2008.

Theater Actors: Carol Channing (1921), among the great stars of Broadway, appeared in much more than Hello, Dolly!, the iconic show she is inevitably linked with. Channing was the original Lorelei Lee, a great cabaret entertainer and comedienne, star of the first half-time show at the Super Bowl, and very high on Richard Nixon’s “Enemies List,” which she called her greatest achievement. She should be honored before Bernadette Peters (1948) and Patti Lupone (1949) are considered.

Actors: Sid Caesar (1922), Gene Hackman (1930), Shirley Maclaine (1934), Mary Tyler Moore (1936), Dustin Hoffman (1937), Jane Fonda (1937), Al Pacino (1940)

Directors: Woody Allen (1935), Francis Ford Coppola (1939), George Lucas (1944)

Garrison Keillor (1942) a man of letters who is also a great entertainer.
 

And The Kennedy Center Honors Go To...

My picks for this year would be Joan Baez, Sid Caesar, Carol Channing, Regina Resnik, and Ravi Shankar.

If any of these are unavailable, I would substitute as follows: Mavis Staples for Joan Baez; Woody Allen for Sid Caesar; Shirley Maclaine for Carol Channing; Renata Scotto for Regina Resnik; Lorin Maazel for Ravi Shankar.  My five substitutes would all be winners in 2013.

I also believe Martina Arroyo and Samuel Ramey—great opera singers and great Americans—should be recipients of Kennedy Center Honors in the near future.

Which opera singers do you think are deserving now of one of these prestigious awards for a lifetime of achievement?

 

Photos: 1) Joan Sutherland at the Kennedy Center Honors Gala, December 5, 2004 in Washington, DC. 2) Martina Arroyo

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Comments [23]

Kenneth Bennett Lane, Lake Hiawatha, NJ from Richard Wagner Music Drama Institute, Boonton, NJ

MARTINA ARROYO, the complete artist and wholesome empathetic human being. I remember her from the days when I sang the title role of FRA DIAVOLO in the Met Opera's assistant manager John Gutman's adaptation into English of the French original libretto for Francois Daniel Auber's FRA DIAVOLO given its premiere at the Hunter College Playhouse now renamed the Danny Kaye Playhouse. Rose Landver was the stage director and Maestro William Tarrasch [of Broadway's STREET SCENE by Kurt Weill] was at the orchestra's helm. Others in the cast were Janet Southwick, Peter Binder and William Workman. In the Hunter College Opera Workshop, I sang the Radames to Martina's Aida in a scene from AIDA. When we ate together with others in the school's cafeteria, Martina's buoyant self-deprecating humor produced belly laughs. She is one rare thoroughly, universally, appreciated talent and human being. It is hard to think of anyone more deserving of the Kennedy Center honors. I am a Wagnerian heldentenor, an opera composer ["SHAKESPEARE" and "THE POLITICAL SHAKESPEARE"] and the director of The Richard Wagner Music Drama Institute, where all the Wagner and all the Shakespeare roles are taught as well as vocal technque for singing and declamation. www.WagnerOpera.com

Sep. 17 2013 08:31 AM
Clifton Scott from Texas

BETTY WHITE!!! There are several that I can think of that deserve this honor but none more than Betty White. She is a true pioneer of television and has a career that not only spanned, but flourished over the past 7 decades. In her day she was quite the triple threat: singing, acting, dancing and she is still entertaining generations after generations today. How could she NOT be picked?

Jul. 24 2013 12:57 AM
Jacob Vidrine from New Orleans

The Monty Python crew should definitely be honored. Some of the most talented comedians that deserve to be noticed before any more of them pass away.

Jul. 08 2013 02:46 AM
jeff schwalb

Jerry Lewis should be honored for his amazing run of over 50 years in showbiz and raising over $2 billion for FDA.

Jun. 11 2013 08:54 PM
randall gerber from dallas,texas

kennedy center honors update:burt bacharach,songwriter;kathleen battle, soprano;tom hanks,actor;jerry lewis.comedian-filmmaker;james taylor,singer.

May. 10 2013 11:22 PM
randall gerber from dallas,texas

in 2013:kathleen battle music;jerry lewis film;barry manilow music;rita moreno stage & film;al pacino stage & film. kennedy center honorees for 2013.

Mar. 04 2013 12:09 AM
randall gerber from dallas texas

update-2013 kennedy center honorees:JERRY LEWIS,AL PACINO,BARRY MANILOW,RITA MORENO AND PINCHAS ZUKERMAN in 2013.

Feb. 21 2013 09:42 AM
Frederick Blackman from California

Gandhi did not get the Nobel Peace Prize and Henry Kissinger did. These award are political and has nothing to do with talent or contributions. A truly deserving person should turn down these awards. They are an insult to their true value to mankind. Those that receive and accept them are usually undeserving ,narcisitic, are a source of shame to most in their community.

Dec. 16 2012 10:37 AM
randall g gerber

to everyone commenting on this page,i apologized about renee fleming,she is a future kennedy center honoree like tom hanks,madonna,prince,jerry seinfeld and john travolta in tens years from now.as of NOW my pick has change to subtracting mick and keith and adding barry(manilow)to the final list,

Sep. 09 2012 04:28 PM
Berta Calechman from Connecticut

I would also agree that Samuel Ramey and Martina Arroyo should be honored soon. They are national treasures. I think it would be a terrible oversignt, not to mention Roberta Peters, who, I think, should have already been honored. Also, Sherrill Milnes should be on the short list. And to echo Ed Rosen, how about a separate, posthumous award to those who have left us, like Robert Merrill and Thomas Schippers.

Sep. 07 2012 08:35 PM
randall g gerber

ACTOR:JERRY LEWIS-1926,ROBERT DUVALL-1931,DUSTIN HOFFMAN-1937,MICHAEL CAINE-1933,DICK VAN DYKE-1925.

NON-CLASSICAL:FRANKIE VALLI-1934-AL GREEN-1946,JAMES TAYLOR-1948,JERRY LEE L
EWIS-1935,BILLY JOEL-1949,MEL TILLIS-1932,GLEN CAMPBELL-1936.

MUSIC PRODUCER:BERRY GORDY JR.

Sep. 06 2012 11:54 PM
Jordan Elliott Kamnitzer from LOS ANGELES, CA

DEBBIE REYNOLDS SHOULD BE HONORED FROM THIS LIST AS WELL AS RANDY NEWMAN, HAL HOLBROOK, DEBBIE ALLEN, HERB ALPERT, AND MICHAEL TILSON THOMAS. IRVING BERLIN ONLY WANTED TO BE HONORED IF HE SURPASSED HIS 100th BIRTHDAY, HOWEVER< BECAUSE HE WAS CONFINED TO A WHEELCHAIR, AS A REULS OF A SERIES OF STROKES, THE COMMITTEE DECIDED AGAINST THIS>, ALSO< VLADAMIR HORWITZ WOULD ONLY ACCEPT HIS BEING HONORED, IF IT TOOK PLACE AT A PRESCRIBED TIME, WHICH WAS DENIED AND REJECTED BY THE COMMITTEE>

Sep. 04 2012 01:25 AM
Ed Rosen from NYC

I think perhaps posthumous awards should be granted, especially to great singers such as Robert Merrill, but also to many others. I agree that, for example, Merrill, should have been honored long before he passed away in 2004. I knew the Merrills and not often, but once in a while, Bob would mention that it hurt him to not be suggested for this honor. Why penalize a deserving person because he/she passes away? They can still be honored, with their remaining family accepting the award.
Or- have a separate award each year for a deceased artist or two. Make it a new category of need be, but let them be honored just the same.

Sep. 04 2012 12:19 AM
Lois Farber from New York, NY

Several on my list have been mentioned (Frederica Von Stade, Sherrill Milnes, and Kiri Te Kanawa), and I'll add Roberta Peters and Simon Estes to the list of opera singers.

If only Tatiana Troyanos hadn't died so young . . .

Sep. 01 2012 10:44 PM
MAK

So important to recognize people in their lifetime - perhaps Dame Kiri Te Kanawa might be added to this list.

Aug. 31 2012 10:14 PM
Andrea Ridilla from Oxford, Ohio

Gunther Schuller, a cornerstone of American music. Composer, the utmost educator, jazz artist who coined the term, "Third Stream Jazz." He influenced hundreds of young musicians who would not be where there are today without his knowledge, expertise and honesty.

I also agree with Fred Plotkin who has influenced and continues to influence so many young people towards the appreciation and understanding of opera.

Aug. 31 2012 08:30 PM
Fred Plotkin from New York City

Note to Randall and other commenters: One stipulation in my question is about who would be deserving NOW of a Kennedy Center honor. I earlier gave the general guideline that the person be born before 1950. Renée Fleming was born in 1959 and still is in her active career. And please note that the recipients must be living. There were many wonderful artists (including Robert Merrill) who were not honored during their lifetimes.

Aug. 31 2012 03:31 PM
randall g gerber from dallas

if your talking about opera singers how about these folks:kathleen battle,jose carreras,renee fleming,sherrill milnes.how about some conductors like:leonard slatkin or pinchas zuckerman or even andre watts.

Aug. 31 2012 02:48 PM
Andrew

Where is Sherrill Milnes on your list? A gross oversight. He had an extraordinary impact on the world of opera and popularizing it for generations. He is long overdue.

Aug. 31 2012 02:32 PM
Ed Rosen

Sorry, but by far the most outrageous oversight has been Robert Merrill. Verrett certainly deserved the honor, too, but no opera singer deserved it more than Robert Merrill.

Aug. 31 2012 02:18 PM
Fred Plotkin from New York

Samuel Ramey makes an excellent point. Frederica von Stade is most deserving.

Aug. 31 2012 01:44 PM
Samuel Ramey from Glenview, IL

Thanks a lot Fred--I'm very flattered to be on your list. I would also add the name Frederica von Stade.

Aug. 31 2012 01:28 PM
randall g gerber from dallas,tx.

who did you guys forget? JERRY LEWIS. JERRY LEWIS will be joined by al pacino,mick jagger(with or with keith richards),gladys knight and pinchas zukerman.

Aug. 31 2012 12:01 PM

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